[C]ommercially speaking, many of Buñuel’s films were intended for peasant, uneducated, or aesthetically unsophisticated spectators. They have thrills galore at a lowbrow level, and subtler meaning on a highbrow level, and a great deal of human meaning on all levels. But their sorts of aesthetic refinement, philosophical interest and, particularly, moral issues, tend to puzzle the bourgeois middlebrow, to leave him dissatisfied and perhaps a little bit contemptuous.Raymond Durgnat, Luis Buñuel (via spectaculardistractions)
My personal history would not be disappointing to readers, but it is my own affair which I want to keep to myself. I am in fact in no way more important than is the typesetter for my books, the man who works the mill; … no more important than the man who binds my books and the woman who wraps them and the scrubwoman who cleans up the office.B. Traven
Death to Fascism! ☭
In the 1890s, when Freud was in the dawn of his career, he was struck by how many of his female patients were revealing childhood [sexual] victimization to him. Freud concluded that child sexual abuse was one of the major causes of emotional disturbances in adult women and wrote a brilliant and humane paper called “The Aetiology of Hysteria.” However, rather than receiving acclaim from his colleagues for his ground-breaking insights, Freud met with scorn. He was ridiculed for believing that men of excellent reputation (most of his patients came from upstanding homes) could be perpetrators of incest.Lundy Bancroft
Within a few years, Freud buckled under this heavy pressure and recanted his conclusions. In their place he proposed the “Oedipus complex,” which became the foundation of modern psychology… Freud used this construct to conclude that the episodes of abuse his clients had revealed to him had never taken place; they were simply fantasies of events the women had wished for… This construct started a hundred-year history in the mental health field of blaming victims for the abuse perpetrated on them and outright discrediting of women’s and children’s reports of mistreatment by men.